Students in the Southern California Regional Occupational Center can take a variety of courses in health professions, including phlebotomy. Photo courtesy of SoCal ROC. (Click to enlarge)
March 7th, 2013 | The superintendent of the state’s oldest regional occupational program is warning that an unintended consequence of the governor’s Local Control Funding Formula could lead to its demise. An official from the Department of Finance says his department will look into the problem.
Christine Hoffman, superintendent of the Southern California Regional Occupational Center (SoCal ROC) in Torrance, is sending preliminary layoff notices to all 125 of her employees by the March 15 deadline for notifying those who could lose their jobs in the next fiscal year, starting July 1. She is also wondering if the center does close whether she’ll be able to repay long-term federal and state loans used to construct the three multi-storied buildings that house the center, which was used as a model to create the state’s 71 other regional occupational programs.
The 46-year-old regional center provides career training for 9,000 high school students and adults each year in areas that range from cosmetology to aerospace engineering. Although it is one of the state’s 72 regional occupational programs, the center’s unique funding mechanism makes it particularly vulnerable to changes that Brown is proposing.
Most of the regional programs are run by county offices of education, and five are managed by school districts. Under the proposed new formula, which gives districts more autonomy over spending decisions, those county offices and districts would still receive state funds for the regional programs, though they would no longer have to use the funds for that purpose. Twenty-six programs, including the Southern California Regional Occupational Center, are organized and funded through joint powers agreements among districts or between districts and county offices. Districts provide their share of the funding to support the programs based on the agreement.
Steinberg to ‘dive into’ debate over career-tech funding
Senate President pro Tem Darrell Steinberg (D-Sacramento) said this week that ensuring the growth of career technical education will be a key issue during the budget talks over Gov. Jerry Brown’s sweeping plan to change school financing. Career technical programs, such as partnership academies, which prepare students in fields like engineering and agriculture, would lose protected funding under Brown’s Local Control Funding Formula. Districts could decide to use the money for other purposes.
Steinberg made the comments after leading a delegation of 29 senators to visit Long Beach Unified’s career pathway programs, referred to as linked learning, at Cabrillo High School. The programs combine academic rigor with real-life experience in careers such as business, engineering and design, digital media and film, and law and justice.
Supporters and some researchers are particularly worried that regional career-tech programs, which rely on inter-district cooperation and funding commitments, will contract or fall apart if districts pull out and funnel money to other priorities (see accompanying story and Report questions impact of Brown’s finance formula on career tech). That possibility concerns Steinberg, too, though he has not concluded whether a dedicated funding stream for the state’s 72 regional occupational centers and programs is necessary. There might be other ways that “career education is not only maintained, but grows,” he said, such as by toughening accountability requirements.
In the last legislative session, Steinberg authored Senate Bill 1458, which changes the components of the Academic Performance Index for schools so that 40 percent of the API consists of college and career readiness measures. That should encourage districts to develop career technical curriculum, he said.
But, he added, “that doesn’t answer the funding question. I’m encouraged by the governor’s proposal, but there are a lot of questions. How do we ensure that the money is actually getting to the students with the kind of approach like we see at Long Beach? What measures of accountability do we need to incorporate to ensure career technical education moves forward?”
“I’m prepared to dive into this debate asking these questions and not moving forward until we have good answers,” Steinberg said.
What makes the Southern California Regional Occupational Center distinct is that in some respects it acts like a district. It controls its funds and even allocates some funding to districts for their own programs. Beside receiving money from six member districts, the largest of which is Torrance Unified, it gets a substantial amount of state funding – $4 million of its $6 million in one recent year – from students who are adults or from high schools in districts not in the agreement. However, the center falls under no category under the Local Control Funding Formula; as a result, Hoffman said it appears not to be eligible for the $4 million it should be entitled to.
The Local Control Funding Formula is “a simplistic approach to a very complicated problem,” Hoffman said. “Somebody’s got to understand up there (in Sacramento). They have got to hear the details.”
Sacramento does appear to be listening. The center has passionate supporters including Assemblymember Al Muratsuchi (D-Torrance), who used to sit on the center’s board. “Save SoCal ROC!” he said. “It is a unique situation and a truly successful program. I believe it’s an oversight of the governor’s office.” Muratsuchi said he plans to introduce legislation to protect funding for the program.
H.D. Palmer, spokesperson for the state Department of Finance, said he was not aware of the center’s plight until Tuesday, when it was brought to the department’s attention during hearings on the Local Control Funding Formula. The Southern Regional Occupational Center has “some unique circumstances,” he said. “We are going to meet with them.”
The center’s approach is unusual. It provides wraparound career services. Guidance counselors visit students at the beginning of their sophomore year to discuss what careers appeal to them. Students then have the opportunity to spend three years studying and practicing their craft with professionals in their chosen field who teach the classes. The center works with local businesses to provide externships for students.
A number of local doctors and dentists got their start in the center’s medical and dental assistant programs, Hoffman said. “Last year every one of our high school students who completed the dental program got a job as a dental assistant.”
The classrooms replicate real-world situations. For example, the fashion design classroom is a large and open room with cutting tables in the center and sewing machines around the perimeter. The auto mechanics shop includes a parts department. Student electricians work on real structures installing wiring and fuse boxes.
Other regional occupational centers also offer programs that individual districts could not afford. Those that are operated through joint power agreements are worried that some of their member districts may pull out of these agreements if the funding formula is approved.
Valerie Vuicich, president of the California Association of Regional Occupational Centers and Programs (CAROCP), said some of these joint powers agreements are between one big district and several smaller ones. Because overall there is not enough funding to support career tech, she says, the bigger district might pull out and focus on its own students, leaving the smaller districts with no alternatives.
Hoffman emphasizes the need for a regional approach to career technical education throughout the state because high schools do not have the capacity to offer such programs. “I’ve been a high school principal. I know the limits,” she said. “When a student indicates a passion for a career area, we provide a pathway.”
- Report questions impact of Brown’s finance formula on career tech, EdSource, Feb. 14, 2013;
- Local Control Funding Formula;
- Regional Occupational Centers and Programs (ROCPs), the California Department of Education (CDE);
- Southern California Regional Occupational Center;
- California Association of Regional Occupational Centers and Programs (CAROCP).