The 'transitional kindergarten' program championed by state Senate leader Darrell Steinberg would create an expensive new entitlement.
LA Times Editorial | http://lat.ms/1eVCt99
SB 837 would create a new program ‘universal transitional kindergarten’ for all 4-year-olds. (Los Angeles Times / January 22, 2014)
January 23, 2014 :: Preschool can do wonderful things for disadvantaged children — get them used to how a classroom works, give them play time with others and help them build crucial developmental skills, such as vocabulary, simply by exposing them to more books and spoken language. Though the research results on preschool are limited and mixed, this much is clear: Children who have attended it start kindergarten much better prepared.
But rather than embark on a billion-dollar-a-year "transitional kindergarten" program, as proposed by Senate President Pro Tem Darrell Steinberg (D-Sacramento), California would be better off raising the quality and reach of its existing, far less costly subsidized preschool program.
SB 837 would create a new program — universal transitional kindergarten — for all 4-year-olds, regardless of their family finances. Despite the state's improved budget outlook, though, it cannot afford an expensive new entitlement at the moment.
The bill would add a 14th year to the current K-12 system. A credentialed teacher and instructional aide would oversee each class of 20 students. Attendance would be voluntary.
Some careful thought has gone into the bill. Transitional kindergarten would be phased in over five years, to avoid a sudden shortage of qualified teachers and classroom space. The money would be paid as per-student funding to school districts, which would have the option of contracting with private preschool operators to provide the instruction, as long as the other requirements are met.
But by making it mandatory that all districts offer transitional kindergarten, and by requiring the program to be staffed with credentialed teachers, the bill would dramatically increase costs, and it would embed them into the schools' Proposition 98 funding guarantee, further limiting legislators' ability to balance the budget and fund other worthy programs. Schools would be paid at least 50% more per student than is now paid for state-subsidized preschool, and even more for every low-income student. Nor would the budget of the state's existing preschool program be reduced; it would morph into wraparound child care. The bill would also increase the membership rolls of the California Teachers Assn., as well as future retirement costs, even though the state has not figured out how to pay its existing pension obligations. The fact that the program would cover all students, poor and wealthy alike, also raises the cost of the program.
Steinberg and other preschool advocates make a valid point that California falls far short of its obligation to provide worthwhile preschool for the children who most need it. The existing state preschool program is uneven in quality, its requirements for teachers are too low, and there aren't enough seats for all the children who should qualify. It will take money to remedy this situation — but not nearly as much as universal transitional kindergarten would.
Transitional Kindergarten is now being offered to kids on the cusp of being ‘school age’. This is a good thing – but what about the rest o’ th’ kids? 3-year-olds do not turn 4 all at the same time any more than 4-year-olds turn 5! And once we get all the 4-year-olds in Pre-K/TK – as SB837 proposes – what about the 3 year and 11 months old kids on the cusp of the “new school age”?
OMG: the sky is falling!
It’s a slippery slope and the naysayers, libertarians, tea-partiers and the Times editorial board are rallied around the buzz word of “entitlement”, the threat to Prop 98 (which they were for dismantling last week) and the specter of Teacher Organized Labor!
All seriousness aside:
- I have been to a UTLA meeting – never has the definition of the word word “organized” been so tortured.
- And yes, once upon a time (Oct 10, 1910) the McNamara Brothers – ¡trade unionists! – actually blew up the Times building. (Sometimes cancelling your subscription is just not enough!)
Everybody needs to look at this and suss out what it really means. Universal is not Mandatory. Kindergarten has gotten too academic. We don’t want that to happen in Pre-K.
- Senate President Pro-Tem Steinberg is about to be termed out – he sees Universal TK as a legacy builder.
- Governor Brown is neither fan nor proponent of Early Childhood Ed – he would probably veto SB837 as written. It’s a budget and subsidiarity buster.
LAUSD now has Universal Full Day Kindergarten as well as Transitional K. 4LAKids thinks that the next step should be Universal Full Day K in all California schools - accompanied by Mandatory K attendance – kindergarten is optional in California!
The picture of truant officers rounding up 5-year-olds and scofflaw helicopter parents is not a pretty one. I am all for allowing some parental latitude/flexibility as when to enroll their kindergartners– perhaps supported by counseling – but kindergarten being optional cannot continue to be an option!